Bhutan Textile Kira Kushutara
early 20 cencury
background Bhutanese hand-spun cotton yarn
patterns hand-spun wild silk yarn
natural and chemical dyes mix
Woman's dress (kira) composed in characteristic
traditional form of three panels of warp-faced plain
weave cloth stitched together lengthways by hand.
The field, or central area, is in natural white cotton,
with broad warp stripes of mid blue and green,
each with narrow multicoloured guard stripes.
Down each side is a wide border of narrower stripes
in black, dark red, green and yellow.
The whole is decorated with rows and sequences
of geometric motifs throughout, and concentrated
at each end to form deep borders,
in brightly coloured cotton threads.
These are worked in two types of supplementary weft
patterning (known as kushu):
the majority are formed by weft floats that lie flat
on the surface (sapma), but there are also slightly
raised motifs formed by supplementary weft wrapping
This is the classic decorative white-ground kira form
known as kushutara, developed originally around
the court in north central Bhutan, but more recently
woven throughout the country.
Probably made between 1930 and 1950.
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