Bhutan Textile Kira Kushutara
backgroud industrial cotton yarn
patterns hand-spun wild silk yarn
Regional and cultural variations produce a vast array
of unique and delightful fabric ornamentation.
Although a tradition of weaving is evident among
Bhutan's neighbors, weaving holds a considerably
elevated position in the Bhutanese national culture.
The range of weaving output includes clothing,
blankets, bedcovers, scarves, carryalls, floor
and seat coverings, napkins, table covers, and
decorative items for both daily use and special
religious and ceremonial occasions.
The indigenous resources of wool from goats, sheep,
and yaks and some natural silk are supplemented by
the additional use of cotton and other yarns imported
through trade with neighboring countries.
The limited use of silk is due to the fact
that the Bhutanese are highly dependent on
silk imports, as the process of destroying cocoons is
contrary to Buddhist precepts adhered to
by the majority of Bhutanese.
The national dress, worn daily by the inhabitants,
creates a constant demand for high-quality weaving.
The dress for women includes the kira
(a wraparound garment), the kera (sash/belt),
wangde (inside or underblouse) and teku
(outer blouse or short jacket), koma (clip),
and japtha (chain jewelery).
For men, the gho (robe or large outer coat) is
the principal item of clothing and is worn
with a belt and shoulder scarf.
The gho is also known in rural areas as a kho or baku.
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