Bhutan Textile Kira Kushutara
background : industrial cotton yarn
patterns : hand-spun wild silk yarn
The highly elaborate ceremonial kiras are separated
into distinctive styles mostly by their background color.
The white background kira is called kushutara,
the blue background kira is called ngosham,
the black is called napsham,
the red background called mapsham,
and the green called jangsham.
Other designs include the hothra jalo which
is made up of stripes of trade cloth from Tibet
and sewn into the typical kira size.
The tie-dyed or stamped hothra is mainly worn
in the northwestern part of the country closest
The striped aikapur design has supplementary
patterning that originated in the eastern part
of the country.
This handsome design has been highly prized
for several centuries and is traditionally used for
men's robes as well. Of all the kira designs,
the white kushutara is making a comeback today
as the preference of the aristocratic women
for formal occasions.
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